PLE – 11xEN1 – Home learning due Thursday 13 March

Please read Act 1, scene 3 (here: http://nfs.sparknotes.com/merchant/page_34.html) from Shylock: ‘Signor Antonio, many a time and oft…’ to ‘I’ll lend you thus much moneys?’ (on the following page).

  1. Make a full list of Antonio’s insults and abuses against Shylock.
  2. How might these insults and abuses explain Shylock’s attitude towards Antonio?

An independent enquirer working at:

  • Grade C will explore meanings of the insults and then explain how they influence Shylock’s attitude and behaviour
  • Grade B will point out convincing connections between different parts of the play
  • Grade A will analyse and then evaluate (come to a judgment about) different interpretations of how Shylock is seen in the play: villain or victim
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4 thoughts on “PLE – 11xEN1 – Home learning due Thursday 13 March

  1. harriet

    1) misbeliever, cutthroat dog, hath a dog, you have rated me about my moneys and usances, that did void your rheum upon my beard abd foot me as you spurn a stranger cur over your threshold.

    2) shylock’s attitude towards Antonio is to be expected due to how Antonio treats him for being a Jew. However, this kind of attitude is to be expected withinn the time of the play, so is Shylock the villain or victim? If you look at this in the time it’s set then he’s shown to be the villain in the way he disrespects Antonio who is Christian and therefore is considered a better member of the community. The way Antonio treats him should be expected from shylock. But, if we analys this with the frame of mind of the 21st century, Shylock would be portrayed as the victim as he is being subjected to discrimination because of his religious beliefs which shows Antonio to be the bad guy; Shylock would be responding in the spiteful way as a way of self defence.

    Reply
  2. georgia

    1) A goodly apple rotten at the heart. To spet on thee again, to spurn thee too. Misbeliever. Cutthroat dog. Hath a dog.

    2) At the start of this part of the play, Shylock is being nice to Antonio and says that he wants to create friendship out of the bond: “I want to be friends with you, and forget all the times you’ve embarrassed and humiliated me”. However, due to Antonio being a christian and so against jews in general he doesn’t listen to Shylock. Due to this, it causes shylock to give up on being nice to Antonio and then is less civil towards him.

    Moreover, Shylock is presented as a victim aswell as a villain here. Shylock is stereotyped during the play for being a jew (mainly by Antonio) and nowadays people would generally see shylocks character as a victim. However due to the time frame of the play it would have been accepted and right that Antonio is nasty towards shylock; people would have thought well of Antonio if he did so. Therefore, in this case shylock would be classed as a villain due to him being a jew and disrespecting Antonio (a christian)!

    Reply
  3. Rhiannon

    ‘A goodly apple rotten at the heart.’
    ‘To spet on thee again, to spurn thee too.’
    ‘Misbeliever. ‘
    ‘Cutthroat dog.’
    ‘ Hath a dog.’

    Shylock is clearly vengeful against Bassanio and Antonio for the way they have treated him, discriminating against him for his religion, by his frequent mentions of the cruelty he has endured at Christian hands and attempts to make peace and be civil : “I want to be friends with you, and forget all the times you’ve embarrassed and humiliated me”. Clearly this won’t happen because the Jews are seen as infidels and constantly being persecuted, making Shylock stop his attempts of bringing peace and is resentful to the way he is constantly treated.

    Clearly he is seen as a villain for being persistent in the court scene when he refuses to take the offer of 9.000 ducats because the audience can see him as being greedy and unreasonable. However, he has little choice in the matter because even though he is simply carrying out the forfeit of the contract, which was caused by the Christian men, the law turns against him due to his religion and social status. When the play was wrote, many people were discriminating Jews, forcing them to ‘stick out’ and be humiliated. In some ways, Shylock is seen as being a villain due to being the sociopath of the play, however with the treatment he endures and the struggle of living as a persecuted minority, it easily allows for people to sympathize and empathize with him because he basically has no one to defend him and ends up losing out in the play, losing a victory, money and property, but most of all he loses he daughter to the religion that he despises. He has nothing at all and so is seen as a victim in the light of prejudice and persecution.

    Reply
  4. Mr Legowski

    (From Brandon) ‘eat of the habitation which your prophet the Nazarite conjured the devil into’ Shylock.

    ‘How like a fawning publican he looks!’ Shylock.

    ‘I hate him for he is a Christian’ Shylock

    ‘He lends out money gratis and brings down
    The rate of usance here with us in Venice.
    If I can catch him once upon the hip,
    I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
    He hates our sacred nation, and he rails,
    Even there where merchants most do congregate’ Shylock.

    ‘The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose.
    An evil soul producing holy witness
    Is like a villain with a smiling cheek,
    A goodly apple rotten at the heart.’ antonio

    ‘I am as like to call thee so again,
    To spet on thee again, to spurn thee too.’ Antonio

    Reply

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